Here you'll find 9 works of the finalists. The Archiprix Russian commission included:
Prof. Oskar Mamleev. Moscow, Prof. Valery Pastushenko.Samara, Prof. Petr Kapustin. Voronezh, Tatiana Moskvina. Moscow, Andrey Kiselev. Moscow
The main theme of this project is designing a fundamentally different type of recreational center typology - wellness-center.
The goal of the project is to try to design such kind of building that will heal its guests through the medium of architecture. Another goal is to design a type of space, that will includeidentity of the site and identity with the emphasis on the particular subject. During the research and design process various types of data were gathered including historical information about buildings of modern and ancient cultures and civilizations, that were made to heal.
Geometry of the building is defined by the philosophic concept of dualness. It is devided into two parts by submerging one of it’s halves under ground. These two zones contain two distinct types of spatial functions - active (above the ground) and passive (under the ground). Function-wise wellness center is divided into four main zones: healing zone, educational zone, hotel zone, sports zone. These four zones are composed with four main aspects of wellbeing in mind: physical, spiritual, mental and social. Planning is simple and symmetric. Main archetypes and prototypes of the project are ancient roman and japanese healthcare buildings.
Both: Exterior and interior are supposed to be simplistic, with very few cultural references, are done in such a way with a purpose to focus customer’s attention on nature. Welness-center is situated on site with an almost demolished former soviet hotel building - and with that the project articulates historic memory of the place. I believe it is very important to build such kind of healthcare architecture due to high level of pressure and stress that citizens of such major cities as Moscow are experiencing.
Reincarnation is the philosophical or religious concept that an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death. It is also called rebirth or transmigration and is a part of the Samsara doctrine of cyclic existence.
The urban fabric of the city of Mumbai with such a great historical and cultural background should experience the similar process of rebirth saving the spirit of the place with its unique context and traditions. We invent the new typologies borrowing forms and colors from national Indian dwellings, but taking into consideration modem rapid urbanization. We install the modules of different typologies into a continuous flexible structural network, which provides Koli and Worli with all the possible scenarios that the inhabitants are able to create.
The new development grows from the Worli Koliwada village, saving all the routes. The territory is divided into two parts, which are flexible, rising and transformable Worli housing with their own facilities for the neighborhood: the school, public library, a pool, a garden and the floating village of Koli with all the facilities for fishery and fish trade such as the marina, fish fanning.
In the center of the territory, the new historical and cultural building appears uniting all the territory and serving as a museum and a touristic and public route, opening spectacular views and leading to the new Hindu temple. We create new open public spaces such as the new fish market, observatory, public squares, open cinema, public swimming pool and the scene to involve both tourists and citizens.
The new development grows from the Worli Koliwada village, saving all the routes. The territory is divided into two parts, which are flexible, rising and transformable Worli housing with their own facilities for the neighborhood: the school, public library, a pool, a garden and the floating village of Koli with all the facilities for fishery and fish trade such as the marina, fish fanning. In the center of the territory, the new historical and cultural building appears uniting all the territory and serving as a museum and a touristic and public route, opening spectacular views and leading to the new Hindu temple. We create new open public spaces such as the new fish market, observatory, public squares, open cinema, public swimming pool and the scene to involve both tourists and citizens.
The dwellings are risen above the level of flooding to protect the inhabitants during the monsoon period. The coastal lines of the site are reinforced and a system of breakwaters is erected to protect the land from the waves and floods.
The majority of the urban population lives in residential areas, and many of them lack a comfortable environment. The main disadvantage of most of the sleeping areas is not suitable for a full life, but existence only as a territory for sleeping. In such areas, there are either no or insufficient places for the application of labour, lack of infrastructure and leisure facilities. For most needs, people need to make pendulum movements to the centre. So, the ecology spoils, the yard ceases to be a place of socialization, and people move away from each other.
In the thesis project, several areas were analyzed in terms of the quality of the urban environment, the availability of entertainment and infrastructure. For a more detailed consideration, the Lyubertsy Fields micro-district, Nekrasovka district, which is one of the three worst districts of Moscow, was chosen. The area is located in the southeast of the city and is characterized by poor ecology, partly due to the presence of aeration in the Lyubertsy fields. At the time of completion of construction, the population of the Lyubertsy fields is expected to be around 150,000 people. More than 50% of courtyards in the neighbourhood is “closed” and cannot be used by residents. The territory of the micro-district should be multifunctional and meet the needs of all residents of a given territory. By dividing the population into 8 groups, their features were identified.
The concept is to create a modular multi-level structure that fills empty spaces and fills them with social functions. The upper level of the structure obtained remains pedestrian. The design can have different heights and sizes depending on the location, and can also respond to changes in the needs of residents: increase or decrease with time.
According to the project, the construction is made of wood and is a kind of designer, the basis of which is a skeleton of an LVL-bar of a different span (3, 6, 9 m.). The second part of the constructor is a catalogue of enclosing structures made of CLT-panels. Thus, when creating a new project, it remains only to choose the details of this designer.
This structure can occupy a different area. For example, if it is necessary to preserve a green area, a few numbers of small volumes can be implemented. One of the functions of the object can be a city farm, in which, thanks to new technologies (aeroponics, hydroponics, aquaponics), it is possible to grow mushrooms, herbs, some vegetables and fruits.
The courtyard selected for more detailed consideration is located in the very centre of the neighbourhood, not far from the future metro station. The composition of the projected object is built on the movement of the main pedestrian flows, forming a small area at the intersection. Functional content is due to the needs of the residents of the yard. The territory can be connected to houses on the other side of the road with the help of a pedestrian overhead bridge.
Sometimes the space between houses can be more important than the house itself.
The territory for the design of the memorial was chosen in the Sokol'i Mountains in the north of Samara in the area of the tunnels. The tunnels were worked out by the prisoners of the «Bezymyanlag» in the 1940s for the construction of the world's largest Kuibyshev hydroelectric station. The system of tunnels form a regular planning structure and located at the base of the mountain solid at a mark of -58,500 m. During the development of quarry a part of the tunnels was destroyed. In their place are two quarries.
The CONCEPT of the project consists in the spatial and semantic unification of the tunnels and the developed quarry with the hollow volume of the memorial, symbolizing the spatio-temporal connection between the periods of military constructing and contemporaneity.
GENERAL PLAN. The main entrance to the memorial is organized from the side of the Sok River, at the base of the mountain. Where are located covered parking for private transport and the parking for buses. The service entrance and loading zone are located out from the upper mark of the complex.
STRUCTURE. Spatial organization of the memorial is subordinated to the existing planning structure of the tunnel system. The structural grid is the basis on which is constructed the composition of the complex. The basis of the plan is a square with dimensions 50х50 m. Nine solids of thematic halls symbolically reproduce the structure of the tunnels. The parallelepipeds of the halls are connected with corridors. The space between corridors is filled by water. The space of the memorial hall is completed by the overhanging volumes of the exposition pavilions. Through the perforations formed by the volumes, natural light enters the complex.
MEANING. The memorial is a gigantic construction, representing a "sundial", where the scenario of lighting is subordinated to the natural movement of the sun. Light-spatial composition dips a person in a temporal relationship with architecture, symbolically linking the space and time of different historical periods.
FUNCTION. Through the fortified and glazed tunnels of the gallery, the visitor enters the main hall. At the first level there is a permanent thematic exposition, which is located in nine pavilions, repeating the structure of the tunnels. Further on the elevators, visitors come to the top, into the functional blocks hanging over the space of the main hall. The temporary exposition is located in them. Communication between them is carried out through the galleries, located along the perimeter of the hall and the main staircase, taken out in a separate block. An open recreational terrace is projected on the upper level. Here the exposition route ends, visitors on the elevators go back to the entry mark of +58.500 m and leave the memorial.
MOVEMENT through the complex is built on the contrasts of space, mass and light. Passing through the twilight of narrow and long tunnels, visitors fall into a huge, empty space of the main hall. The ascetic monotony of the tunnels is replaced by a variety of highlights and reflections created by the surface of the water in the main hall. The feelings that arise when perceiving heavily overhanging volumes, through which the flow of natural light breaks through, intensifies emotional experiences. As the visitor moves upward, natural light intensifies, gradually freeing the person from oppressive feelings. From the darkness of the "cave" visitors come to open, flooded area with a view of the surrounding landscape - the quarry, Samara Luka, the Volga River and the city.
The ATMOSPHERE inside the complex is subordinated to the natural rhythms of nature - the seasons, weather conditions, the movement of the sun, the time of day, the state of the sky. Getting inside, rays of light, atmospheric precipitation create a complex atmosphere, forming various states in the perception of space and time of the memorial. With its many-valued simplicity, space and light return the memory of the past to us.
The CONCEPT of the project consists in renovation of historically developed complex of buildings of the Samara power plant and his transformation into the Forum of science and technology. In the new building the latest developments of a scientific and industrial complex of the city will be presented. At the same time the existing image of power plant presented by buildings of the end of XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries and architecture of constructivism of the 1930th years.
GENERAL PLAN. The area under planning of exhibition complex is located in the city of Samara in borders of Ulyanovskaya Street, Volzhsky Avenue, Volga River and a sports complex. Now on this territory the enterprise for production of electric and thermal energy - the Samara state district power plant is placed. On the territory of a designed project along the coastline it is offered to arrange the embankment and walking zones.
FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION. Basic elements of the station which are offered to be kept in the course of renovation are boiler and turbine halls.
In the museum building the boiler hall carries out a role of a lobby and the main exhibition space, the turbine hall is exhibition gallery with the remained equipment of the station as showpieces of a constant exhibition. On the first floor exhibition galleries, the main exposition space, film and lecture and visual halls are located. On a mark of-2.700 m there is a permanent exposure of the museum. On the second floor recreation areas, the reading room and viewing galleries are located around an atrium. On the underground floor of the main case warehouse zones, workshops and service premises for placement of the engineering equipment are placed. The administrative and laboratory buildings are adjoined to the main production building.
ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT. In the project the initial spatial structure of the station is kept. The architecture of the reconstructed industrial halls is constructed on contrasts of light and shade, high and low total structural volumes, spacious and chamber spaces. The main finishing materials are concrete and metal. The ascetic solution of surfaces of a floor, walls and a ceiling promotes creation of the atmosphere concentrating attention at the exhibition. In the main showroom the system the crane beams for transformation of space and creation of exhibition installations which are presented in the project in the form of framework, plane and volume situations is provided.
As opposed to developed tourist infrastructure all over the world, Russian Federation can only boast several concentrated examples of successful use of resources. Provinces and small towns, that often plays a big role in identification of tourist problems, degrade because of business and tourism centralization in industrial centers – Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. That’s why two cities, that have big potential and rich historical significance and in the same time gradually endangered because of population outflow and loss of cultural values, are chosen as object of research. The new net of tourist objects is proposed in order to save them.
The object of research is an identification of regularities in benchmark data, and furthermore in design solutions in two different cities. Besides the detailed research in climate, economy and culture features is given.
A masterplan of two cities show the order of decisions and project phases. On the base of it the design of architect, landscape and urban objects is made.
Problems to be solved for achieving the goal: To research the appearing of tourist environment in the past experience. To analyze the foreign and domestic experience of historical city spaces organization with through point gentrification. To carry out analysis of researches of historical city spaces formation.
To research the exiting project proposals in historical city spaces organization. To identify principles of historical city spaces reconstruction. To design recommendations in reconstruction of city spaces in Vyborg and Shlisselburg.
The object of research are two cities, tourist infrastructure inside them and connecting routes between it. The main emphasis is placed on the development of high-quality and comfortable environment from a set of objects of tourist interest and subsequently integrated into the urban network, presented in the form of a city route. It is planned to concentrate on the historical center of the city, also affecting some objects on the periphery. It is also quite a specific task – to develop options for the route between Vyborg and Shlisselburg in various forms (road, bus, bicycle, water). Also, the connection with St. Petersburg is not excluded. Its necessity is proved in the course of project activities.
Project №1. Reconstruction of the square of the Beloruskiy Railway station in Moscow. The project proposal envisages the creation of an underground infrastructure serving a complex transit hub. Realization of the underground space allows to free up and to retrain the transport square into the public space. The project proposal provides a consistent solution to the problems related with the situation on the site.
Project №2. High-rise buildings in the context of modern typology. The project is based on a comparative analysis and identification of contradictions in the definition and characterization of the building types: “high-rise building” and “hybrid building”.
The project simultaneously implements the strategy of a classic skyscraper and a hybrid building, emphasizing the closeness and subtle distinction between these two ideologies. The space of “CUBE” included in the the building`s body symbolizes the openness of the program of the modern skyscraper. This space is open to any transformations that all the same will be erased.
The union between the indefinite program of "emptiness" and the rigid system of organizing the skyscraper creates special conditions for the dialogue of appositional points of view.
Project №3. Vertical cultural center. The diagram, showing simplified operative action on the form, today becomes directly the form-making method itself, used by many popular architectural companies.In the pre-project analysis were highlighted generalizing models inherent to modern multifunctional public buildings. In analyses were determined several bright typological features: "Hybridity", "In-beetween space", "Vertical landscape". Based on them was created a conceptual model of the project, presented on the exposition.
The building program is open for any transformations. It`s façade, solved in an expressive manner, is perceived on a sensual level: the building has a direct dialogue with the city.Contained inside across the height public spaces, it is included in active urban life: a vertical route of escalators built along various function is realizing the concept of “vertical street”. The project of the Vertical Cultural Center is a collective representation of a public building.
Project №4. The applying of typological methods in architectural pedagogy.
The final part of the study is connected with actualization of the architectural typology in the system of the educational process in the context of an architectural master class.
A system of the educational process is created on the grounds of helded analytics. It makes possible to perceive and reconstruct the design methods of modern architects through typological generalizing models.
As a result of this study it was formulated and tested the concept of urban loci as elements containing historical memory of the city, providing stability and continuity of the urban structure. The topic of collective memory of the place, which is relevant for the development of the modern city, and which is presented in the concept of the urban locus, is introduced in the system of structural urban planning approach. The city's framework can be considered as a system of places that have an enduringly important role in the course of the city's development. At the present stage of development, the spatial-temporal stability and continuity of the urban structure are part of the sustainable viable development of the city. The identification and architectural and town-planning articulation of urban loci are prerequisites for the creation of a sustainable urban structure.
The model of urban loci allows to view the heritage not only in the context of individual monuments and landmarks, but as an element of the city's structure that participates in the evolution and development of the environment. The concept provides an opportunity to identify potential memory concentrates, that is, the basis for the stability and continuity of the structure, in any age and planning areas of the city, even without monuments and historical sites.
The results of the research can be applied to the creation of architectural and town-planning concepts, masterplans, project proposals. An analytical model has been developed that makes it possible to use a layer-by-layer approach to the identification of stable points in the structure of a city. Approaches to the articulation of urban loci in the urban environment are offered, author's architectural and planning concepts are presented at selected sites in Samara. The project of the archaeological museum complex was developed in detail and is presented in the exposition of the work.
The urban environment is one of the most important elements of modern life. She has a great influence on him. Man creates the environment, and the environment, in turn, forms the person.
The purpose of the study was to develop methods for managing the development of cities through the disclosure of the mechanics of self-organizing systems as a set of spatial-temporal interaction of various groups of factors.
As a result of the analysis of modern town-planning theories, it was noted that the majority of them have a “correct” look, but these theories do not work. The reason for the inefficiency of modern theories is that they all view the city on a fairly small scale and ignore the scale of the larger ones. Also, the main reason for the inefficiency of modern theories is that they are randomly embedded in the urban environment. If the theory “takes root”, it develops, if the theory was applied inappropriately, it remains on a small scale and only aggravates urban problems..
Thus, the result of the study was the formation of an algorithm for working with the urban environment using the self-organizing factor, which allows you to comprehensively assess the urban situation and use the tools to edit it where you really need it.
The international jury will determine the winner:
Kristin Jarmund (Norway), Jurgen Mayer (Germany), Tatiana Bilbao (Mexico), Anna Maria Sagantini (USA), Mikkel Frost (Danmark), Huber Klumper (Switzerland)
Speсial thanks: synthesis.moscow for assistance in preparing the publication