THE ABSENT STRUCTURE
Vologda State Technical University
The development of territories in the conditions of extreme urban environment
PROBLEM: Pollution, existence of ownerless, degrading, antisocial spaces, low level of an accomplishment of the territories formed by railways and industrial enterprises adjoining to them.
Purpose: Development the strategy of self-sufficient development of territories in the extremeness conditions of an urban environment.
Subject: Features of functional and spatial models of the dwelling organization and public spaces in extreme conditions of an urban environment.
*Development of uncommon means of fight against extremeness, search of special forms and dwelling abilities is necessary - to adjust qualitative interrelation of the inhabited environment with the city and at the same time to be protected from negative impacts.
*It is important to offer new transformation strategy and development of city structure, to leave from large-scale "inhuman" building of areas, irrational use of urban areas, to enter modern management mechanisms of the city development.
*The critical judgment of existing tendencies in formation urban areas and search innovative ways to improvement the inhabited environment is necessary.
The TECHNIQUE of environment construction realized by authors.
2.Consultations with experts, owners, customers, inhabitants;
3.The formulation Masterplan requirements;
4.Research of the development concept;
5.Research of the master plan;
6.Starting design offer;
8.Updatings of the design decision;
9.Regulation forms of the builder.
Self-sufficiency concept, as answer to extremeness of an urban environment:
*Transport model optimization;
*Balanced functional diversity of buildings;
*Complex social community by a principle of mutual benefit;
*Wide range of the dwelling forms;
*Public spaces hierarchy.
-Inclusion of earlier aloof sites in MasterPlan structure of the city. Organization of spatial communication with adjacent areas, ensuring ecological and physical safety;
-Quarters strategy promotes creation of more intensive network movement routes and high level of coherence;
-A palette of the dwelling types from dated to private; aspiration to creation of social and property balance and mixing in the area, based on idea of balanced, socially various residential quarters, different levels of the neighbourhoods;
-The complete, continuous inhabited and public environment stimulating to development and creativity;
-Self-sufficiency of social and spatial structure of the area on the basis on granting possibilities to inhabitants self-organizing: strategy of social mixing, social "lifts", housing and work combination, availability and high level of selectivity of service;
-Changing the qualities of open spaces. Creation fragments of the environment with different function, formation of private, semi-private, semi-public and public spaces that answers problems to maintenance of ecological social stability in the environment.