USE OF DESIGNS FROM A BAMBOO IN ARCHITECTURE OF PUBLIC BUILDING
Université Technique de Tambov
Work is devoted to a problem of search of volume and spatial forms in architecture of public buildings in Vietnam with use of designs from a bamboo.
Tendencies of development of architecture of modern public buildings in Vietnam provide wide use of plane and spatial designs from a bamboo instead of industrial designs from concrete and metal as bamboo designs answer historical ideas of the country, are ecologically safe, durable, allow to create the maximum conditions of thermal and air comfort in buildings, give the chance to create various space-planning and composite forms of buildings.
On the basis of the analysis of traditional bamboo designs new approach to a shaping of public buildings with use of materials from a bamboo in modern architecture of Vietnam is offered.
Influence of natural, ecological, economic, social and technical factors on design and construction of public buildings with use of designs from a bamboo in the conditions of Vietnam is studied.
It is offered to group new types of designs from a bamboo depending on appointments, the sizes of buildings, conditions of their construction. Examples of designs from a bamboo and knots of their connections for various volume and spatial forms of the most mass public buildings are given: dome, bow-shaped, rectangular.
Along with constructive decisions, offers on application of the architectural and planning and technical decisions directed on improvement of quality of the internal environment, ensuring ecological safety, reduction of expenses of energy and natural resources are given.
Taking into account results of the analysis of constructive solutions of public buildings with bamboo use, the design offer of the exhibition hall of Vietnam in Milan in 2015 is executed.