BIOTECHNOLOGICAL INHABITED MODULE OF THE XXI CENTURY
Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering
The purpose of the project is to solve the following problems: the crisis of sustainable development, the deep conflict between man and nature, the human impact on the biosphere. This project is based on ideas of ecological humanism and co-evolution, the placement of metabolic architecture and urban design infrastructures in space, the total fusion of human environment and nature. The biotechnological inhabited module is an autonomous, multifunctional, aesthetically versatile, self-developing biorobot. Its foundation is a system of a living matter organization – biomasses. This is a synthesis of natural and technogeneric factors referring to the integrity of manner and matter. The biotechnological inhabited module represents another principle of space organization, architectural tectonics, and a new paradigm of harmonious transference of natural principles into architectural morphogenesis (bio-construction set). The module’s architectural forms are based on a programmable biomass with a fractal approach and NBIC technologies. Modular formations create stable consolidations – a cluster, a micropolis, and a macropolis. This allows the creation and establishment of an architectural environment anywhere. The nexus is an informational net, a rational NBIC substance providing vitality, control and interconnection of modules (with all types of communications and within all natural environments – air, ground and water). The new habitat system allows the construction of new relationships with nature, to restore the ecosystem while keeping wildlife. The production, lifecycle and self-utilization processes are eco-friendly. The module is based on a resource-saving conception: full autonomy due to solar, wind and water energy use, recycling, the ability to integrate with any type of environment due to mimicry and imitation. Architectural control is interactive, kinaesthetic, audio-visual, and mental. The co-adaptation of a biological and technocratic approach ensures an integrated approach to solving tasks, and allows the organization and reconstruction of the living natural system as an architectural space at a high-tech level.